VAN LINSCHOTEN, Jan Huygen
Folio, 3 parts in 1 vol.: -160, 82-, 147-[4: title page "Een seker extract" and dedication]-[4: table "Itinerario"]-[4: table "Reijsgeschrift"] pp., 41 (of 42) pls (Text: in reversed order with part 2 and 2B at the end; edges and corners used and occasionally repaired, repaired corner with loss of text on p. 11 part 1, errors in numbering part 2, p. 59, and part 3, p. 97, sl. browned text and small spots in general; 6 Maps: 1. World map: underlaid, light dampstains, small lack of paper at the middle of the central fold, trimmed to the vertical plate marks; 2. East-Africa: part. reinforced folds at reverse; 3. Abyssinia: underlaid, a few small drops of glue, small perforation; 4. China, Malacca, Sumatra & Java: a few small spots, part. reinforced at reverse; 5.Guinea, Angola and the W. African coast: small brown spots; 6. South-America: underlaid, trimmed to the vert. plate marks, small lack of ink on the cartouche; all maps with small spots and reinforced tears in the foldings, 35 (of 36) Plates: extra pl. figuring the coast lines of Saint Helena, but with pl. figuring Angra missing; large plan of Goa: underlaid, small brown spots, trimmed to the plate marks; Aethiopeans and people of Mozambique: censored male genitals, Saint Helena: small brown spots, trimmed to the vertical plate marks, manuscript notes concerning Napoleon Bonaparte on the reverse side; coastlines Saint Helena: underlaid, small tear in central fold; pls 58-59: partly glued together; in general: some pls underlaid, repaired lacks, reinforced folds and margins, numerous pls (partly) trimmed, slightly used, order of some pls changed, woodcut figuring a panther pasted on last lf).
Original blindstamped vellum over boards, ribbed spine (spine repaired, later endpapers, corners used, many, often minor imperfections).
Original Dutch edition of this famous sailing manual for Indiamen, later translated in Latin and French. Van Linschoten (1563-1611) obtained first-hand information on the Portuguese routes to Africa and Asia during his voyages to East Asia as a clerk of the newly appointed Portuguese archbishop of Goa, the capital of Portuguese India. After his return in his hometown Enkhuizen in 1592, the publication of his navigational data was a crucial element in breaking the 16th-century monopoly enjoyed by the Portuguese in the East-Indian trade and the subsequent successes of the Dutch East-India Company. Besides sailing directions, the "Reys-gheschrift" contained the first Dutch descriptions of the Cape Route as well as navigating instructions for the Indian Ocean and the South Chinese Sea. It includes the routes for South-America and the Caribbean, the Strait of Magellan, Linschoten's account of Florida and many other places in North and South America. On his return, he passed by the Portuguese supply depot at St. Helena Island in May 1589, hence the two plates of the island. A second journey in 1594 made him participate in the expedition headed by Dutch cartographer Willem Barentsz. The portrait of the author and the 4 title pages are engraved by L. Cornelius and Jodocus Hondius (Shirley 182). With 6 maps engraved by Arnold and Hendrik van Langren; the double hemisphere world map by Jan Baptist Vrient (Shirley 192) shows the constellation of Columba located just south of Canis Major and recently discovered by Peter Plancius in 1592. The work also contains one of the earliest European accounts of tea-drinking in Japan (part 1, p. 36). The plates engraved by Joannes and Baptista van Doetecom, but drawn by van Linschoten himself, concern local habits, local nobility, regional dress and navigation. Due to the changed order in this volume, the two tables of the itinerary and the "Reijs-geschrift" are bound at the end after the title of 2B and its dedication (Enckhuysen, 1596) that come at the end of part 2B. Ref. Tiele, Mémoire bibliographique sur les Journaux des Navigateurs 83-91. - Sabin 41356. - Tiele 676. Prov. Louvain, monastic library (not identified stamp).
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